This has been a big deal because it effectively limits non-Australian Citizens or Permanent Residents from gaining access to Medicare Provider Benefits.
You may recall from the first instalment of my Mind the Gap Series that outside of the public hospital system the Federal Government funds medical services via the Medicare system (including the PBS and the Commonwealth Medical Benefits Schedule [CMBS]).
This renders the Federal Government extreme power and influence over who delivers medical care to the community via the allocation and restriction of Provider Numbers, and also how that care is delivered via limitations, restriction and conditions placed upon services before they are eligible for reimbursement via Medicare.
Note that this is a relatively roundabout method of control over medical practitioners. The Federal Government does not tell doctors what to do. They merely tell doctors that unless they do things in a specific way, satisfying Medicare guidelines and Ministerial Determinations, that their patients will not be able to have their medical costs reimbursed.
Therefore in theory it is not the doctor who is being punished, but the patient. Unfortunately, the doctor is the one that the patient sees face to face. The bills and invoices carry the doctors name. If the patient can't get money back from Medicare or their insurance company, it is the doctor they complain to, not the 17 year old counter chick at the Medicare office, or the faceless call-centre operator on the end of the phone line.
And if you are unfortunate enough to be one of the 90% of doctors that do not get payment upfront then you end up unpaid because the patient can't get their Medicare reimbursement.
What does this have to do with the 10 Year Moratorium?
Well, the 10 Year Moratorium is one of the limitations (along with Bonded Medical School Places) that the Federal Government applies to restrict access to Medicare benefits. It's purpose is to encourage doctors to enter and remain in the public hospital system, or to work in "areas of need" as defined by Medicare, brought in as part of John Howard's 1996 Provider Number reforms (More Info).
It applies to Overseas-Trained Doctors who migrate to Australia as well as non-citizens and non-permanent residents who commence studying medicine in Australia.
Basically if you fall into the target population, patients who see you in private (in your clinic or rooms) or on whom you operate in a private hospital will not have their medical costs reimbursed or subsidised by the Federal Government. In a system where patients are accustomed to paying little or nothing out-of-pocket this is tantamount to shutting these doctors out of the market, unless you do what the Government tells you to, and work where they tell you to work.
Fine, it's primary purpose is to encourage doctors into "areas of need". But what about non-resident doctors who gain their medical qualifications in Australia? These include full-fee paying students from overseas, as well as New Zealanders (who are on Special Category Visas) who study medicine in Australia. These students take up valuable medical school positions, but are discouraged from working in Australia for 10 years after their graduation, when they have careers they can easily go to in New Zealand and elsewhere.
Furthermore, they aren't banned from working in Australia - only from working outside the public hospital system. That means that they are free to pursue their specialist qualifications and postgraduate degrees (but GP trainees have to enter the Rural Training Program). After this, however, they have to go overseas or off to the bush (which increasingly means outer metropolitan urban fringes) to bide their time.
It seems a colossal waste of university and hospital resources to train people who can easily avoid the rest of their Provider Number limbo by heading overseas (and most likely never returning).
But then again, maybe the Department of Health knows what it's doing...
Exemption guidelines for doctors need fixing: report - The Australian
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GP shortage in outer suburbs: report - The Australian
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- Doctor Connect on Provider Number Restrictions for OTDs
- Health Insurance Act 1973 Section 19AB
- Student Doctor Forums (US) Discussion Thread
- Dept of Health & Ageing - Medicare provider number eligibility (section 19AA) - Temporary residents
- Dept of Health & Ageing - Medicare provider number eligibility (section 19AB) - OTDs
- GP Registrars Australia Website on the 10 Year Moratorium
- Tropical Medicine Training Website (source of image below)